Cliff and Beach Safety Campaign:

HM Coastguard has the following safety advice:

• Do not attempt to climb up or down cliffs unless you are properly equipped and trained to do so and do not attempt to climb cliffs as a short cut back to the top and again.

• Make sure that you are properly equipped for walking along coastal paths. Remember to wear sturdy shoes or boots and check the weather forecast and tidal times before you set out. Carry a fully charged mobile phone and tell someone where you are going and what time you will be home. Only use the designated paths, take notice of any warning signs and fences in place, be responsible and don’t take any unnecessary risks.

• Try and keep your dog on a lead near cliffs. If they pick up the scent of an animal or hear something on the coast below it doesn’t take much for them to follow their nose. Above all, if your dog does fall down a cliff or starts getting swept out to sea, please do not attempt to rescue it yourself. Nine times out of ten your dog will rescue itself and return to shore alive, but tragically some owners do not. Coastguards are trained in all types of rescue on the coast, including dog rescues.

• When standing at the bottom of a cliff, we would always advise people that they should not stand less than the height of the cliff away. That means that if the cliff is 25 metres high, don’t go closer than 25 metres towards it.

Environment Agency's Flood Action Campaign:

In England there are over 5 million homes and businesses at risk of flooding[i]. The average cost of flooding to a home is around £30,000. Flooding also brings a significant risk to life.

The mental health impacts of flooding can last for two years or more after flooding has happened, and depression, anxiety and PTSD can affect up to a third of people who have been flooded.

But, crucially, taking steps to prepare for flooding, and knowing what to do in a flood can significantly reduce the damages to a home and possessions (by around 40%[ii]), reduce risk to life, and reduce the likelihood of suffering from mental health impacts in the future.

The Environment Agency's campaign is focused on helping people know what action to take in a flood, based on their 'Prepare. Act. Survive.' flood guide.